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One of the curious things about coffee is that just as it changes its form as it travels from the plant to your cup, it also changes its name along the way.

It starts off as a “cherry” (also known as “berry” or “drupe”) on the tree. And most commonly ends up as roasted “coffee”, “espresso”, “cappuccino”, “latte” or “mocha”.

In between the harvesting and the roasting, it is known as “green coffee beans”.

Coffee berries are usually harvested when they are ripe and have a reddish colour. The seeds inside the berries are called beans and have to be separated from the flesh, dried and sorted.

Once they are dry, the beans acquire a green tinge which gives them their name.

At this stage, they have none of the typical coffee smell or taste. That comes later with the roasting process.

Green coffee beans are among the most traded commodities in the world, up there with crude oil and gold.