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Did you know that coffee beans come from a coffee plant? A coffee plant is usually a bush or small tree that grows about 10-12 feet (although it can grow up to 32 feet) and can produce coffee berries for decades.

Coffee cultivation is found between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The two most common kinds of coffee beans are Arabica and Robusta.


Want to grow your own coffee plants at home? The first thing you’ll need is patience. It takes about 3-4 years before coffee plants mature and begin producing beans. If you have that, there are four more things you need:

  1. A good plant pot filled with fast draining potting soil.
  2. A place to grow your coffee plant with an average temperature of 65° Fahrenheit to 75° Fahrenheit.
  3. To be able to frequently water your coffee plant so the soil stays moist but no so much it’s soggy.
  4. Enough space to let your coffee plant grow to 10 feet, or a commitment to pruning it and keeping it small!

The fruit of the coffee plant does not all ripen at the same time, and so the berries must be checked so they can be picked when they are red and ripe.


The two main species of coffee grown for coffee production are Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora).

As the name suggests, Robusta beans are more robust than Arabica and can be grown at a lower altitude.

Robusta is characterised by a strong note, strong body and very little acidity. It is mainly grown in Vietnam, Brazil and Indonesia.

Arabica accounts for the majority of the world’s coffee bean production. It grows at higher altitudes, usually above 800m, and up to 2500m. Arabica coffee beans are characterised by a fine aroma, less body, and pleasant acidity. Among the best-known Arabica producing regions are Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, Central America, Mexico, India and Eastern Africa.


As part of The NESCAFÉ® Plan and our sustainability initiatives, NESCAFÉ® distributes coffee plantlets to coffee growing communities all over the world. In fact, we’ve committed to distributing 220 million high-yield, disease resistant plantlets by 2020 to ensure the future of coffee for generations to come. We test many varieties of plants to find the best ones for the specific environment in which they will be growing. This helps coffee farmers lower costs and improve profits.

Find out more about The NESCAFÉ® Plan and our sustainability initiatives.